现代生物学系列报告

(学术报告2019-09-16) Urban trees: what do we know about the services they provide?

发布时间:2019-09-16 

报告题目:Urban trees: what do we know about the services they provide?

报告人:Heikki Setälä 教授

报告时间:9月16日 14:30-16:00
报告地点:农业与生物学院创新楼B-437

邀请人:惠楠 副教授

 

 

报告人简介:

       Setälä教授是国际上最著名的城市生态学家之一,围绕城市、森林、营养物质循环、生态系统服务与功能、植物与生物互相作用开展生态学研究。在Nature等期刊上发表文章二百余篇。

 

英文摘要:

       The influence of plant type (grass/lawn, evergreen trees, deciduous trees) on soils and their ecosystem services (ESS) was studied in 41 parks of varying ages in two cities in Finland. Soils were sampled for physical-chemical-biological properties and heavy metals close to each plant type up to a 50 cm depth. Air quality was monitored in near-road environments in tree-covered and open areas. We hypothesize that 1) plant types, especially conifers, modify the soils differently resulting in divergent ESS between plant types, and (2) that air is cleaner under tree canopies compared to open areas.

      Urban vegetation, particularly evergreen trees, had a clear effect on soil quality: they lowered soil water content and pH and increased soil organic matter, carbon and nitrogen sequestration compared to lawns. Also metal and nutrient pools and their mobility in the park soils was influenced by plant traits. We showed that, despite the ability of trees to reduce concentrations of road dust, urban trees seem ineffective (PM2.5), and even increase the levels of traffic-derived gaseous pollutants (NO2, VOCs, PAHs). These studies suggest that urban trees can be important in the provision of ESS, but that managing urban greenspace for better ESS provision requires specific knowledge on, e.g. plant types and the spatial structure of greenspaces within 

Copyright 2016 上海交通大学农业与生物学院    访问旧版
地址:上海市闵行区东川路800号 电话:021 - 34205877 备案:沪交ICP备20101025