学术沙龙

【学术沙龙第五十一期】蚯蚓对洛克沙胂的生物转化及其作用下的土壤砷释放风险:蚯蚓肠道细菌的作用

发布时间:2024-04-07  阅读次数:532

报 告 人:吴宜钊 农生学院资源与环境系 博士后

时    间:2024年4月10日 (星期三) 12:40-14:00

地    点:农生学院创新楼(B楼)104会议室

主办单位:农生学院学科与科技办、农生学院青年教师联谊会

报告题目:蚯蚓对洛克沙胂的生物转化及其作用下的土壤砷释放风险:蚯蚓肠道细菌的作用

报告摘要

蚯蚓被誉为土壤生态工程师,其肠道微生物在生态服务中起着关键作用。虽然蚯蚓的活动增加了土壤的透气性,但是蚯蚓肠道形成了一个移动的厌氧区域,使得蚯蚓肠道和土壤中的微生物群落间有显著差异。报告人主要介绍洛克沙胂污染胁迫下蚯蚓对土壤砷释放的作用,围绕洛克沙胂降解过程中蚯蚓肠道细菌群落结构与功能变化,阐述蚯蚓肠道细菌在土壤中有机砷转化过程中的作用机制及其与土壤细菌的偶联关系。

报告人简介

吴宜钊博士于2023年在上海交通大学获得博士学位。在Environment International(中科院1区TOP)、Soil Biology and Biochemistry(中科院1区TOP)、Science of the Total Environment(中科院1区TOP)、Microbiology Spectrum(中科院2区)、Pedosphere(中科院2区)等期刊上等期刊发表SCI论文10篇,单篇IF>10的1篇;获授权专利3项。

【所在学科研究组研究方向】:

蚯蚓与微生物处理有机废物、土壤生态毒理与土壤修复、蚯蚓分类进化及蚯蚓资源调查、蚯蚓药用食用价值及生物活性物质开发利用。

【代表性著作】

1. Yizhao Wu, Song-Ge Deng, Yunxiang Xu, Yifan Zhang, Puguo Hao, Qi Zhao, Jibao Jiang, Yinsheng Li. Biotransformation of roxarsone by earthworms and subsequent risk of soil arsenic release: the role of gut bacteria, Environment International, 2024, 185: 108517.(IF=11.8)

2. Yizhao Wu, Songge Deng, Xiuhong Wang, Michelle Thunders, Jiangping Qiu, Yinsheng Li. Discovery and Mechanism of Action of a Novel Antimicrobial Peptide from an Earthworm, Microbiology Spectrum, 2023, 14: 1. (IF=3.7)

3. Songge Deng, Yizhao Wu, Hanqi Duan, Jo-Anne E. Cavanagh, Xiuhong Wang, Jiangping Qiu, Yinsheng Li. Toxicity assessment of earthworm exposed to arsenate using oxidative stress and burrowing behavior responses and an integrated biomarker index, Science of The Total Environment, 2021, 800: 149479. (IF=9.8)

4. Yali Wang, Yizhao Wu, Jo Cavanagh, Xiuhong Wang, Jiangping Qiu, Yinsheng LI. Behavior and respiration responses of the earthworm Eisenia fetida to soil arsenite pollution, Pedosphere, 2021, 31(3): 452-459. (IF=5.7)

5. 李银生. 吴宜钊, 邱江平. 一种蚯蚓抗菌肽及其在广谱抗菌方面的应用, 2023-10-31, 中国, CN202210356514.5

 

ACADEMIC SALON (LI)

SPEAKER: Yizhao Wu

Postdoctor, Department of Resources and Environment, SAB

TIME :12:40-14:00 April 10, 2024 (Wed)

VENUE:Room 104, Building B, SAB

ORGANIZER:Office of Discipline and Science & Technology, SAB;

Young Teachers Association, SAB

TITLE: 

Biotransformation of roxarsone by earthworms and subsequent risk of soil arsenic release: the role of gut bacteria

ABSTRACT

Earthworms are known as soil ecological engineers, and their gut microbiota plays a crucial role in their ecological services. Although the activity of earthworms increases soil permeability, the earthworm gut forms a mobile anaerobic zone, resulting in significant differences in microbial communities between the earthworm gut and soil. The discussion will mainly introduce the role of earthworms in soil arsenic release under soil roxarsone pollution. We revealed the changes in community structure and function of earthworm gut bacteria during the degradation process of roxarsone. The relationship between soil and gut bacteria was investigated to find the effect and mechanism of earthworm gut bacteria in the transformation of roxarsone in soil.

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